Republic Day 2018: It took two years and six months after that speech to adopt the Indian Constitution and make it come into effect on 26th January 1950. On that day India was transformed from constitutional monarchy under King George VI to democratic republic, which it celebrates as Republic Day every year.
Republic day parade:-
India’s Defence capability, cultural and social Heritage are displayed during the dazzling Republic Day celebrations in New Delhi. Commencing from the gates of the Rashtrapati Bhavan (the President’s residence), Raisina Hill on Rajpath past the India Gate, this event is the main attraction of India’s Republic Day Celebrations.
Republic Day Guests:
The tradition of inviting Foreign leaders as guests started from 1950, however, India did not host any foreign guests in 1952 and 1953. Indonesian President Sukarno was the first to attend in 1951 followed by King Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah of Nepal what was the guest in 1952. Notably, it was only three times in the history of India, when the country had invited two guests from different countries at a time in the Republic Day celebrations. The details are as followed:-
1. Year 1956 – Guests — Chancellor of the Exchequer R. A. Butler, United Kingdom and Chief Justice Kotaro Tanaka, Japan.
2. Year 1968- Guests — Chairman Alexei Kosygin, Soviet Union and President Josip Broz Tito, Yugoslavia.
3. Year 1974- Guests– President Josip Broz Tito, Yugoslavia and Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Sri Lanka.
Why Republic day 2018 is going to be a historic one?
Prime Minister Narendra Modi had said Republic Day celebration in 2018 would be “remembered through the ages” because the government for the first time in India’s history would host leaders of 10 ASEAN countries as chief guests on January 26. “On January 26, the arrival of great leaders of 10 nations of the world as a unit is a matter of pride for all Indians,” Modi said. He said January 26 is a historic festival for all Indians but “January 26, 2018, will especially be remembered through the ages”. The ten ASEAN countries include — Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Brunei, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar and Cambodia.
1. Joko Widodo, President, Indonesia:- Joko Widodo is the seventh and current President of Indonesia. He assumed the office in 2014. Widodo served as the Mayor of Surakarta from 2005 to 2012 and Governor of Jakarta from 2012 to 2014. He belongs to a political party known as Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P)
2. Mohd Najib bin Tun Abdul Razak, Prime Minister, Malaysia:- Dato’ Sri Haji Mohammad Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak is the sixth and current Prime Minister of Malaysia. He assumed the office on 3 April 2009 by succeeding Abdullah Ahmad Badawi. Najib is the eldest son of Abdul Razak Hussein, Malaysia’s second Prime Minister. He served as a Governor at Asian Development Bank and International Monetary Fund.
3. Rodrigo Roa Duterte, President, Philippines: He is the 16th president of the Philippines. Earlier, he served seven terms as mayor of Davao City in the Philippines. Duterte graduated from law school in 1972 and joined the City Prosecution Office of Davao City.
5. General Prayut Chan-o-cha, Prime Minister, Thailand: Prayut Chan-o-cha is a retired Royal Thai Army officer who is the head of the National Council for Peace and Order, a military junta, and concurrently serves as the Prime Minister of Thailand. He last visited India in June 2016. PM Modi travelled to Thailand in November 2016.
8. Thongloun Sisoulith, Prime Minister, Lao PDR: Thongloun Sisoulith is the prime minister of Lao PDR since 2016. Earlier, Sisoulith was Deputy Prime Minister from 2001 to 2016. He met PM Modi in 2016 when Lao PDR hosted the ASEAN and East Asia Summits. India had a trade relation worth $ 233.10 million in 2016-17 with this country.